Vaccinations and other immunization methods are important preventative measures that can help ensure that your pet lives a long and healthy life.
Vaccinations work by exposing your pet's immune system to weakened parts of viruses and bacteria. Your pet's immune system then creates antibodies designed to fight this disease, causing immunity. In order to ensure protection for your pet, proper administration of the vaccine is required.
Although the number of vaccinations your dog may need varies based on the breed, most dogs benefit by receiving the following immunizations:
- Rabies - Rabies does not have a cure. Because of this, combined with the lethality of the disease, a yearly vaccination is recommended in order to protect your dog.
- Canine Distemper - A vaccination for canine distemper is recommended if your dog comes in contact with other animals.
- Adenovirus - Adenovirus is the dog version of hepatitis.
- Parvovirus - Parvovirus is a highly contagious disease that is most common in younger dogs. Because of this, vaccination at an early age is recommended.
- Bordetella - Bordetella is a highly contagious bacterial infection that can easily be transferred by contact with dogs, cats, and other animals.
- Leptospirosis - Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that is spread through urine.
- Parainfluenza - Parainfluenza is a respiratory virus that is often found in kennels.
As with dogs, the number of vaccinations a cat requires will vary based on their lifestyle and breed. The following immunizations are common among cats:
- Rabies - The only way to protect your cat from rabies is by getting a yearly vaccination.
- Feline Leukemia - Feline Leukemia is a disease that is more common in outdoor cats. If your cat spends any amount of time outside, this vaccine is necessary. Although it is not a requirement, the vaccine is also recommended for your indoor cat as well.
- FVRCP Vaccination - This vaccine protects against Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, and panleukopenia. This vaccination is required to be administered annually in order to maintain the recommended levels of antibodies.